Basic Research Designs Basic Research Designs This module will introduce the basics of choosing an appropriate research design and the key factors that must be considered. Learning Objectives Distinguish between quantitative and qualitative research methods. Identify whether or research project is qualitative or quantitative in nature. List the key factors that must be considered when choosing a research design.
Basic Research Designs Basic Research Designs This module will introduce the basics of choosing an appropriate research design and the key factors that must be considered.
Learning Objectives Distinguish between quantitative and qualitative research methods. Identify whether or research project is qualitative or quantitative in nature. List the key factors that must be considered when choosing a research design.
Once the research question has been formulated, it is critical that the researcher select the appropriate research methodology to answer the question. The type of research question will typically dictate the methodology that will be employed. The reliability and validity of the results depends on upon proper selection of the research approach and design.
Forms of Research Research is a systematic inquiry used to describe, explain, predict or control some observed phenomenon - the research topic. Research can be classified into four main forms based on the specific purpose: Basic Research - This research is descriptive in nature and is used to understand and explain a phenomenon.
This type of research is often conducted for the sake of increasing and advancing a knowledge base. Applied Research - The purpose of this research is to provide information that can be used and applied in an effort to help people understand and control their environment.
This type of research is more prescriptive in nature and seeks to offer potential solutions to problems. Evaluation Research - The purpose of evaluation research is to examine the processes and outcomes associated with a particular solution to a problem.
The research may be formative in that it attempts to improve the intervention or solution or it may be summative and attempt to evaluate the effectiveness of solution or program. Action Research - This research is often conducted within a program, organization or community and the researchers are involved in gathering data and studying themselves.
Regardless of the purpose of the research, the process is similar. The researcher will then develop a research problem related to the topic and create a specific question.
The research design will then be developed and the procedures for analyzing the data will be identified. The results of the research will hopefully lend themselves to the publication of a scholarly article.
Quantitative and Qualitative Designs There are two main approaches to a research problem - quantitative and qualitative methods. Quantitative methods are used to examine the relationship between variables with the primary goal being to analyze and represent that relationship mathematically through statistical analysis.
This is the type of research approach most commonly used in scientific research problems.
Qualitative methods are chosen when the goal of the research problem is to examine, understand and describe a phenomenon. These methods are a common choice in social science research problems and are often used to study ideas, beliefs, human behaviors and other research questions that do not involve studying the relationship between variables.
Choosing a Design The following table lists and describes the most common research designs used at Grand Canyon University. Different research books will use different terms for similar types of research.
However, the research designs identified in this document are fairly common in terms of their use and their terminology. Types of Research Designs.The case study research design is also useful for testing whether a specific Using a qualitative framework, cohort Descriptive research designs help provide answers to the questions of who, what, when, where, and how.
Evidence(grupobittia.com QUALITATIVE RESEARCH DESIGNS. Comparison of qualitative & quantitative research: Qualitative: Quantitative: Specific qualitative approaches.
Phenomenology: Purpose, goal - to describe experiences as they are lived Case study: Purpose - describe in-depth the experience of one person, family, group, community, or institution. There are three main types of descriptive methods: observational methods, case-study methods and survey methods.
This article will briefly describe each of these methods, their advantages, and. An overview of the types of case study designs is provided along with general recommendations for writing the research questions, developing propositions, determining the “case” under study, binding the case and a discussion of data sources and triangulation.
Qualitative: Quantitative: Definitions: a systematic subjective approach used to describe life experiences and give them meaning: a formal, objective, systematic process for obtaining information about the world. In some cases, these types coincide with quantitative and qualitative research designs respectively, though this need not be the case.
In fixed designs, the design of the study is fixed before the main stage of data collection takes place.