Statistical Snapshot In many countries, the garment industry is the largest employer in manufacturing. In Thailand, the garment industry is the largest export industry, accounting for 60 per cent of total exports NSO A survey by the National Statistics Office found that, among subcontracted workers, about half of non-agricultural home-based employment was related to garments and textiles NSO
But the organisation cannot name and hsame the apparel brands benefitting from the exploitation — because the workers have no idea whose brands they are making clothes for. Although migrant workers are currently entitled to the minimum wage of THB 7.
The sum of THB also falls short of a living wage, and is insufficient to sustain a worker and her family. They are working long hours for wages that do not even meet their basic needs.
Workers are also commonly required to work overtime. On average, migrants work almost 11 hours a day, and sometimes between hours during peak periods to meet deadlines.
Yet, they only receive on average approximately 16 THB 0. One person, an 18 year-old female, was paid as low as THB 2. The focal point of garment production in Thailand is located in Mae Sot, Tak Province, roughly km northwest of Bangkok on the border with Myanmar.
By focusing production in border towns, such as Mae Sot, the garment industry aims to reduce production costs by hiring migrant workers, who are seen as desperate and therefore easily exploited, at below the minimum wage. Many of the migrants are undocumented, which increases their vulnerability to exploitation and limits their ability to leave the factory compounds, concludes the report.
Those who do have documents often have them withheld by the employer. Contributing to the environment of exploitation is the fact that a large proportion of factories in Mae Sot are sub-subcontractors for factories in central Thailand.
Only 30, migrants are currently registered with work permits in this area, the rest being undocumented. Some 60, to 80, migrants are estimated to be working in knitting and garment factories with possibly 70 per cent women.
MAP staff and volunteers interviewed 58 migrant workers 32 women and 26 men working in garment factories in the Mae Sot region during February Read the full report here.
MAP says it works towards a vision of the future where people from Burma have the right to stay securely within their home country as well as the right to migrate safely, and where the human rights and freedoms of all migrants are fully respected and observed.7 Countries With Horrific Sweatshop Situations.
by Ruth Daly – on May 04, ; in Most Shocking; 4 China. advertising. In recent months, workers in sweatshops in Cambodia have started to stand up and fight for fair working conditions and better pay. Last year, the world watched in horror as armed forces opened fire on strikers in the.
Globalization is the main cause of poor working conditions and sweatshops in the Although for westerners the idea of sweatshops is horrible, for the population of Southeast Asia it is their hope. Countries with sweatshops • China is one of the biggest exporters for .
Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery. In the early years of the 21st Century and since , 80, women and children from Myanmar (formerly Burma), Cambodia, Laos and China have been sold into Thailand's sex industry.
Children are also trafficked into Thailand from Cambodia and Burma to work as. H&M does indeed have a signficant presence in Cambodia, but declined to be interviewed for the program. It did, however, release a statement vaunting its position on Cambodia: “H&M is clear that the wages in manufacturing countries like Cambodia [are] too low,” said a .
The working conditions of outsourced labor finally came to the world’s attention on May 10, , when the Kader toy factory near Bangkok, Thailand, caught fire, killing workers and severely. A s voters trudge to Cambodia’s polling stations, with the threat of public services being withheld if they don’t tick the ruling party’s box, they’d be forgiven for thinking “what’s.